Union Minister Amit Shah inaugurated the National Automated Fingerprint Identification System(NFAIS), developed by National Crime Record Bureau(NCRB) which will help in quick and easy disposal of case. Madhya Pradesh has became the first state in the country to identify a deceased person through NAFIS.

It is a web based application, function as a central information repository by consolidating fingerprint data from all states and UT. That is anyone sitting in any state or UT will have access to criminal related information. It will speed up the police activity in finding the criminals.

How it will work?

NAFIS provides a unique 10-digit National Fingerprint Number (NFN) to each and every person arrested as a criminal. This unique ID will be used for the criminal’s lifetime and different crimes registered under different FIRs  that will be linked to the same NFN. ID’s first two digit will be that of the state code in which the person arrested for a crime is registered, followed by a sequence number.

NAFIS will provide the much-needed unique identifier for every arrested person in the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems.

India’s first Automated Fingerprint Identification System recommended by National Police Commission in 1986. Central Fingerprint Bureau first began to automate the fingerprint database, digitising the existing manual records through India’s first Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFI) in 1992 i.e. Fingerprint Analysis and Criminal Tracking System(FACTS1.0)

FACTS 5.0 was upgraded in 2007 which is now replaced by NAFIS.

Advantages of Fingerprinting

  • Security
  • Ease of use
  • Non transferable
  • Accountability
  • Digital Presence
  • Interconnected

How Fingerprinting Developed

It was first proposed in Europe by the German anatomist  Johann Mayer in 1788. In India Herschel had begun to implement fingerprinting as a means of identification in Bengal. Bengal police were able to create fingerprint records which replaced the use of anthropometric measurement by 1897. World’s first Fingerprint Bureau was established in Calcutta .Inspector General of the Bengal Edward Henry recruited two Indian sub-inspector, Aziz-ul- Haq and HC Bose. Aziz-ul-haq  first devised a system of primary classification and system and indexing in court conviction registers.

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