India is trying to manufacture semiconductors in order to solve the issues we have faced in past previous years about the shortage of chips or semiconductors because of that the production of manufacturing of many sectors was halted, as the chips are the foundation of every modern electrical appliance and personal device. The Indian government has spent around 1645 crore rupees in performance-linked incentives(PLI) for electronics manufacturers to inflate the electronics supply chain in India.
What are semiconductors?
A semiconductor is an element that has specific electrical properties that facilitates it to be use in computers and other electronic devices, whose electrical conductivity value falls between a conductor and an insulator. Its resistivity drops as its temperature rises. Its conducting properties may be changed in useful ways by adding impurities which are called doping into the crystalline structure. When two differently doped parts exist in the same element, a semiconductor junction is formed. The nature of charge carriers, which include electron ions and holes, at these junctions leads to the formation of diodes, transistors, and most modern electronic devices. Some examples of semiconductors are silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide. Silicon is the most common semiconductor after which, gallium arsenide is the second-most common semiconductor which is used in laser lights, photovoltaic cells, microwave-frequency integrated circuits, and others. As Silicon is found abundantly in India but it is a decisive element for fabricating most electronic circuits.
Significance of semiconductors
- Semiconductors are nowadays necessary to almost all sectors of the economy including aerospace, automobiles, communications, clean energy, information technology, medical devices, etc.
- Demand for these critical components has outdistanced supply.
- In December 2021, the central government sanctioned 76000 crore rupees under the (PLI) scheme to encourage the manufacturing of various semiconductors goods within India so as to lighten the burden of imports from other countries.
Need for promoting the semiconductors Industry
- Enable electronic products to compute and control actions that simplify our livelihood.
- Semiconductor chips are the operators of ICT.
- Used in critical infrastructures such as various communications, power transmissions, etc.
- Not many countries in the world manufacture these chips most industries are dominated by the United States of America, Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan.
- India currently imports all the required chips and that import is estimated to become 100 million dollars by 2025.
- India’s own consumption of semiconductors is anticipated to cross USD 80 billion by 2026 and USD 110 billion by 2030.
- Semiconductors industries value around 500-600 billion dollars across the world..
- As we can see that there is a huge scope for the semiconductor market in our country so it is essential to start fabricating chips within our territory.